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Heritage Tour

Paddy Museum Kedah

Built amidst acres of paddy fields at the foothill of Gunung Keriang, the Paddy Museum has an area of 12,000 square meters which spread across three floors.

Paddy Museum Kedah

The architecture of the building is designed to symbolize bushels of harvested rice stalks and rice motifs are used to decorate the external facade as well as on the railings in the interior.

Paddy Museum Kedah

Officially opened on October 2004, Paddy Museum is the fourth paddy museum to be opened in the world 2004 after Japan, Germany and Philippines. The Paddy Museum features the rice cultivation process, displays different varieties of rice and showcases equipment and tools used in rice cultivation from the olden days until recent times and in various countries. It showcases the history, people, culture and significance of paddy farming in Kedah, which suitable and being used for research and further development of paddy in the country.

Paddy Museum Kedah

The top floor of the museum features a revolving platform where visitors can sit back and enjoy a 360 degree wall mural and diorama depicting life in a rice farming village.

Paddy Museum Kedah

Gallery

Paddy Museum Kedah
Lot 798, Jalan Gunung Keriang, Mukim Gunung Keriang, 05150Alor Setar, Kedah.
Tel: 604-733 1162
Facebook: Paddy Museum Kedah


Balai Nobat

A striking three-tiered octagonal tower topped by an onion-shaped dome, Balai Nobat is a repository of instruments that belong to the Royal Orchestra. The nine piece ensemble includes serunai (flute), nafiri (a long trumpet), gendang (drum) and gong. The instruments are played only on royal ceremonial occasions such as inaugurations and  royal weddings. It isn’t open to the public but visitors can view it from outside.

Balai Nobat


Big Clock Building

Built in 1912, the Big Clock Building had an important function which is to announce the prayer time. The construction of this Big Clock has connection with the Zahir Mosque in its role and function. In the past, this clock tower will chime at every prayer time, followed by the beating of the gongs at the nearby Balai Nobat. Then, the muezzin at Zahir Mosque would begin the azan, or the Muslim call to prayer.

Big Clock Building


Balai Besar

Built in 1898, Balai Besar translates to Grand Audience Hall. This wooden pavilion was originally erected in 1735 by His Royal Highness Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin Muazzam Shah, the 19th Sultan of Kedah. In 1904, during the reign of Sultan Abdul Halim Shah, the hall was restored for the wedding ceremonies of five princes and princess as it was destroyed after attacks by Bugis and Siam. Balai Besar was also used for installation ceremonies and conferences.

Balai Besar


Kedah Royal Museum 

Tracing back the history, the Kedah Royal Museum was a former palace built by Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin II, the 19th Sultan of Kedah, who founded Alor Setar in 1735. It has undergone destructions several times until the concrete building was completed during the reign of Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah and declared as Kedah Royal Museum on 25 July 1983.

Kedah Royal Museum

One of the oldest Royal Museum in the country, Kedah Royal Museum displays the history, story and regalia of the royal family, including our first Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman, who was also the prince of Kedah royal family. The building was painted in yellow which is a representative colour of Royal family and the interior was entirely made by wood. Photographs and video is not allowed in the museum. You need to take off your shoe before enter the museum as a sign of respect to the Royal Family.

Kedah Royal Museum

Kedah Royal Museum
Medan Bandar, 05000 Alor Setar, Kedah.
Tel: 604-723 7937


Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum

Located at the top of Bukit Batu Pahat, the Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum is the only museum in Malaysia which exhibits archaeological collections that serves as evidence of the international trade and development of the Hindu Buddha religion in South-East Asia from the 3rd to 12th century.

Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum

It was built to facilitate in research and archaeological excavation works as well as a display centre for proto- historical artifacts before the coming of Islam at Bujang Valley.

Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum

Opened on 23 January 1980 by Al-Sultan Almu’tasimu Muhibbuddin Tuanku Alhaj Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah,  the Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum showcases about one thousand artefacts that were recovered from the buried civilisation, which spread across 400 sqkm at Bujang Valley. More than 20 candis or ancient temples have been unearthed in the area.

bujang-valley-archaeological-museum-2

 

Collections and Galleries

Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum have two main galleries which displays archaeological artifacts serving as evidence of Lembah Bujang’s existence:
I: Southeast Asia’s central trading port from the 3rd to 12th century AD comprising of goods brought by Arab, Chinese and Indian traders as well as maritime traders from the Malay archipelago including exotic jungle produce like gaharu, cendana etc.
Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum
II: Architecture and materialistic culture leftovers which is connected to religious faith and proving the existence of Hindu/Buddhist faith which is the practice of a portion of the society using the Lembah Bujang as an entreport in the 3rd through the 12th century AD. Items displayed are architectural designs of Hindu temples with Hindu/Buddhist features and devices which could be related to the Hindu/Buddhist faith.

 Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum

Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum
08400 Pekan Merbok, Kedah.
Tel: 604-457 2005
Fax: 604-457 5051
Email: pr.malb@jmm.gov.my

Kedah State Museum

Built in 1936, Kedah State Museum showcases a large collection of Kedah’s historical, culture and royal heritages.

 Kedah State Museum

Its three floors exhibit a collection of artefacts and manuscripts, fine paintings and a wide range of historical relics including antique weaponry, jewelry, costumes, furnitures, artefactas from the Bujang Valley archeological excavations and an ornate gold tree (bunga emas) which was offered as a tribute to the King of Siam during ancient times.

 Kedah State Museum

Kedah State Museum

Jalan Bakar Bata, Lebuhraya Darul Aman, 05100 Alor Setar, Kedah.

Tel: 604-733 1162
Fax: 604-730 5100

 


House of Merdeka (Rumah Merdeka)

The word of “Merdeka” was shouting out seven times loudly by the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, at the ceremony of celebrating the independence day of Malaysia.

The House of Merdeka (Rumah Merdeka)

The House of Merdeka used to be the residence of the first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, also known as Bapa Kemerdekaan, and his private retreat whenever he returned to Kedah. This house was once built in wooden as Rumah Jalan Baru in the time of Japanese Occupation. In 1953, Tunku had rebuilt the house in brick and remain the top floor as a plank house. It is now opened as a museum and open to the public.

The House of Merdeka (Rumah Merdeka)

The historical house has two floors, the ground floor contains guest room, dining hall and leisure area facing the Anak Bukit River where the upper floors consists the Tunku’s bedroom, praying room and study corner. Besides, the outside of the house has the rest stands, ponds and boat house. Equipped with audio visual aids, the house exhibits the original furniture, photographs, personal effects and souvenirs of the beloved statesman. The House of Merdeka has the distinction of being the venue where many notable incidents and activities took place. It was here that Tunku pursued his creative writing, entertained foreign dignitaries and organised successful election strategies.

The House of Merdeka (Rumah Merdeka)

House of Merdeka (Rumah Merdeka)
Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra, 05100 Alor Setar, Kedah.
Tel: 604-7204205 ( National Archives of Malaysia)


 

Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad’s Birthplace

A traditional wooden house with the roof made of attap wood was the birthplace and early home of Tun Dr. Mahatir Mohamad, Malaysia’s fourth and longest serving Prime Minister. It holds many stories of the former premier’s formative years under the strict guidance of his father.

Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad’s Birthplace

Memorabilia relating to the life and times of Tun Dr. Mahatir Mohamad are displayed in the interior and the exterior of the house to provide visitors a deep insight into his persona.

Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad’s Birthplace

The complex consists of two exhibitions halls, an auditorium, an office and a souvenir shop. Exhibits include furniture, documents, school phtographs and many more.

Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad’s Birthplace


 

Rumah Seri Banai and Rumah Tok Su @ Malay Heritage Village

Nestled in a scenic garden, Rumah Tok Su and Rumah Seri Banai are samples of Kedah’s traditional Malay house that preserved by Kedah State Museum in the Malay Heritage Village (Kampung Warisan Melayu) in Alor Setar City.

Rumah Seri Banai and Rumah Tok Su

The idea to relocate and preserve both houses was made by former Menteri Besar of Kedah Tan Sri Sanusi Junid (1995-1999) for future generations to witness the high carving skills and Malay architecture. Rumah Tok Su’s original site was at Kampung Permatang Kerat Telunjuk in Bandar Baharu about 200 km south of Alor Setar City while Rumah Seri Banai from Kampung Banai, Mukim Pelubang in the district of Kubang Pasu.

 

i) Rumah Seri Banai
Rumah Seri Banai is a sample of Rumah Kedah with elongated roof. It was built by Tok Bakar, a local house builder and most of the timber used for building the house were of Meranti and Temak wood. The owner of the house was Tuan Hj Saad bin Taib, the headman of Mukim Pelubang who stayed with his wife Hajjah Saodah binti Ahmad.

Rumah Seri Banai

ii) Rumah Tok Su
The house covers an area of 1,700 sq ft and has 34 pillars. It included six main halls comprising the varendah, the main hall called Rumah Ibu Berbumbung  Potongan Belanda dan Beranjung, the Middle Hall, Ruang Selang, the kitchen and the platform. The house was once the dwelling of the village headman, Encik Noor. The 100 years house was originally owned by Tuan Haji Mahmud, a local wealthy man who owned many properties in the village. Tuan Haji Mahmud is Encik Noor’s father and Tok Su is his youngest child.

Rumah Tok Su

Rumah Seri Banai and Rumah Tok Su has the the traditional masterpiece of Malay house decorated with Bunga Kerawang, unique of the Malay art of carvings implemented in the architectural decorations.

Rumah Seri Banai and Rumah Tok Su

Both houses also displays antiques that was once domestic items used by locals in their homes and depicts the dwelling privacy in the Malay culture with different segments depicted in the layout compared to modern day houses. Since its opening, both house has been used as location settings for documentaries, film and dramas by local TV stations and and production house from local and abroad.

For more information:
Lembaga Muzium Negeri Kedah 
Lebuhraya Darul Aman, Bakar Bata, 05100 Alor Setar, Kedah.
Tel: 604-733 1162
Fax: 604-730 5100


Kedah State Art Gallery (Balai seni Negeri)

One of the earliest modern with strong Colonial influences buildings in Alor Setar, Kedah State Art Gallery has five sections housing antiques, relics and art pieces by renowned Malaysia artists. Built in 1912, the building served as the High Court before it was converted into the Head Office of several government departments. It was made the State Art Gallery in 1983.

Kedah State Art Gallery (Balai seni Negeri)

Kedah State Art Gallery
Medan Bandar, 05000 Alor Setar, Kedah.
Tel: 604-723 7937
Fax: 604-730 5100

Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Gallery

Officially opened in 2007, Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Gallery displays a vast collection of exhibits including charts of the royal lineage as well as photographs, personal effects and memorabilia of the King and other members of the royal family. The gallery housed in a historical building that used to serve as Alor Setar High Court.

 Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Gallery

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